Quantification of antimicrobial use in animals and humans in Vietnam
A recent study, led by Juan Carrique-Mas (ViParc Principal Investigator) has estimated annual quantities of antimicrobials used in animals and humans in Vietnam. Using a range of different data sources, the study concluded that in 2015 a total of 3,838 tones of antimicrobials were used in Vietnam, of which 2,751 tones (71.7%) corresponded to animal use, and the remainder (1,086 tones) to human use. This equates to 261.7 mg and 247.3 mg per kg of human and animal biomass, compared with 122.0 mg and 151.5 mg in the EU. The greatest quantities of antimicrobials (in decreasing order) were used in pigs (41.7% of total use), humans (28.3%), aquaculture (21.9%) and chickens (4.8%). The study highlights the magnitude of AMU in animal production, with pigs and aquaculture being very much the major target species. This knowledge is important to prioritize potential sources of selective pressure for antimicrobial resistance and to establish reduction targets.
The publication can be accessed here: